Episode 008: An Insect With Punch-Card Wings SHOW NOTES

Alternate title: Secondhand Lions[‘ Urine]

Sorry again for the delay, folks! Things are crazy here in SSHHMM-land! But here are your show notes for Episode 008. Rest assured that Episode 009 has already been recorded and we’ll be working on editing/releasing that just as soon as these notes are posted!

Topics discussed: Crazy cat ladies (or gentlemen); freaky parasites; spiders and elephants on drugs; the steampunk animal kingdom; pub(l)ic demonstrations of erectile dysfunction remedies and other self-experimentation goodness; and how to cut out the middleman by brewing beer right in your own… stomach. With special guest star ANDY BELLEMER!!!

How to get us in your heads: Subscribe on iTunes; see the About page for a link to the RSS feed; stream/download this episode directly from this link; check us on YouTube (only a few episodes are there now, but more are coming); follow us on Twitter; or throw a sheep at us on Facebook (the kids still do that, right?).

And if you enjoy our show, please remember to rate/review/share/etc.! You can also send us money (PayPal link at right) or buy some of the stuff below that is linked to our Amazon affiliate account — but if you don’t want to do any of that, ratings and reviews are freeeeee and help the show too!


Social media links once again!
– we are @sshapho on Twitter: https://twitter.com/sshapho
– here is our YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVTClZok7feSp5MkfefeEWQ
– and our Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/supersciencehappyhour
SMBC turtle cloaca comic: http://www.smbc-comics.com/?id=3128#comic
Toxoplasmosis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxoplasmosis
– causing a higher rate of traffic accidents in Turkey (link to academic article abstract): http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0379073809001224
– Eisen PLoS ONE paper: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0075246
– Leg Up Enterprises: http://www.legupenterprises.com/
– crazy cat lady syndrome: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crazy_cat_lady_syndrome
Breaking Good / Mythbusters
– synthesizing Sudafed from meth: http://heterodoxy.cc/meowdocs/pseudo/pseudosynth.pdf (note that this is from the Journal of Apocryphal Chemistry, and appears to be the ONLY “paper” ever “published” in the “Journal” of Apocryphal Chemistry)
– BoingBoing beat us to the “Breaking Good” name: http://boingboing.net/2012/02/27/scientific-paper-of-the-day-h.html
– Mythbusters special on Breaking Bad: http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x136bsc_mythbusters-s12-breaking-bad-special-proper-480p-hdtv-x264-msd_shortfilms
The wasp that turns spiders into zombie construction workers: http://mentalfloss.com/article/51970/meet-wasp-turns-spiders-zombie-construction-workers
– an academic article on the topic from 2001: http://www.americanarachnology.org/JoA_free/JoA_v29_n3/arac_29_03_354.pdf
– spiders on LSD, caffeine, etc.: http://mentalfloss.com/article/51967/what-does-marijuana-do-spiders
– not discussed directly on the show, but jewel wasps also zombify cockroaches: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qN2XMyxAs5o (just search YouTube for “jewel wasp cockroach” for even more horrifying videos)
The sad tale of Tusko:
– academic article: http://www.psych.ufl.edu/~steh/PSB6099/LSDelephant.pdf
– one summary: http://www.erowid.org/chemicals/lsd/lsd_history4.shtml
– Tusko was apparently the name of several notable elephants; the Wikipedia article contains links to more articles on the Tusko we talked about, if you want more info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tusko
– pon farr: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pon_farr
Gear bug
– popular summary article: http://www.livescience.com/39577-insects-with-leg-gears-discovered.html
– Science article (academic paper): http://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6151/1254
– steampunk Batman
– – Gotham by Gaslight: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gotham_by_Gaslight
– – one example of cosplay; just do a Google Image Search for “steampunk Batman cosplay” for lots more: http://24.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m7nsnwgaWg1ryv0vso1_1280.jpg
– why don’t animals have wheels?
– – http://www.livescience.com/22146-why-don-t-any-animals-have-wheels.html
– – http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1151/why-has-no-animal-species-ever-evolved-wheels
– – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rotating_locomotion_in_living_systems
Tiger moths jamming radar: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrZ2hNZsCuE
– similar thing in hawkmoths (whose tongues we inadvertently discussed in Episode 007)… plus, genitals!: http://www.nature.com/news/hawkmoths-zap-bats-with-sonic-blasts-from-their-genitals-1.13333#/b2
Beer gut, literally: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auto-brewery_syndrome
– the academic article: http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=33912#.UtV1Rnmi1fM
– popular news coverage: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2425253/Auto-brewery-syndrome-makes-bacteria-brew-beer-mans-stomach.html
– UAE blood alcohol concentration study (link to academic article abstract): http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1355030604717074
– a couple of discussions on the pH of the stomach:
– – http://chemistry.about.com/od/lecturenoteslab1/a/Stomach-Ph.htm
– – http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=275
The badass story behind heliobacter pylori and stomach ulcers: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helicobacter_pylori#History
– Note: the hosts would like to admit our shame at this point that we discussed two Australians named Robin and Barry and did not think to make a Bee Gees joke at the time. We regret the omission and it won’t happen again.
Giles Brindley, showing off his “findings”
Seawater and ulcers
– one popular press article: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2422693/Sea-water-ease-stomach-trouble-decrease-risk-cancer-stomach-ulcers.html
– academic paper: http://www.omicsonline.org/2161-0703/2161-0703-S1-002.php
– salinity by depth: http://www.bigelow.org/shipmates/salinity.html
– halocline: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halocline
– salt fingering: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salt_fingering
How is babby formed?
http://knowyourmeme.com/memes/how-is-babby-formed (links to videos in article)
– Colombian paper on vascular action: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijvm/2010/834060/
– neuroimaging paper on brain responses: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22561357
– according to Wikipedia, lighter roasts do have more caffeine but not by much; other factors may matter more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coffee_roasting#Caffeine_content_by_roast_level
Michael Eisen and NASA papers
– his blog post: http://www.michaeleisen.org/blog/?p=1430
– background info on Aaron Swartz: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aaron_Swartz
– papers with lots of authors — the human genome paper had a lot with around 2900 authors, but the Higgs Boson paper may have the record: http://news.cnet.com/8301-17938_105-57509551-1/did-higgs-yield-the-most-authors-in-a-science-study/
– BONUS: “My Baby Loves a Bunch of Authors” by Moxy Früvous: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J9F_XHb81N0 (totally unrelated except for the title, but a great song by a great 90s band)
Beaver anal glands
– the news article: http://www.upi.com/Odd_News/2013/09/15/Beavers-secretions-can-create-taste-similar-to-vanilla-in-baked-goods/UPI-26931379259143/
– more on the substance: http://www.snopes.com/food/ingredient/castoreum.asp
– and a bit more on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Castoreum

Episode 008: An Insect With Punch-Card Wings

MJ and MK welcome special guest star Andy Bellemer to this episode.

Sorry for the incredibly long delay; this episode was recorded in late September 2013 but not released until early January 2014. Hopefully things have settled down for us now and we’ll be releasing more regularly in the near future.

Episode is now live on iTunes and your favorite podcatcher; show notes coming soon!

Episode 007: Goldenose

Topics discussed: Chlorophyll, hemoglobin, and refried beans; warp drives and (at)tractor beams; comet tails and solar sails; dueling fails and moose in ales; historical pets; kissing cousins; kissing parrots; radioactive brains; red-hot nickel balls and red-hot giraffe love. Also, check us out now on Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, and GeoCities! (OK, maybe not GeoCities.)

How to get us in your heads: Subscribe on iTunes; see the About page for a link to the RSS feed; stream/download this episode directly from this link; check us on YouTube (only a few episodes are there now, but more are coming); follow us on Twitter; or throw a sheep at us on Facebook (the kids still do that, right?).

And if you enjoy our show, please remember to rate/review/share/etc.! You can also send us money (PayPal link at right) or buy some of the stuff below that is linked to our Amazon affiliate account — but if you don’t want to do any of that, ratings and reviews are freeeeee and help the show too!


A child’s drawn interpretation of our episode title: http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/library/nose5.jpg
– (FYI, taken from this page: http://www.cyh.com/HealthTopics/HealthTopicDetailsKids.aspx?p=335&np=152&id=1686 )

Social media links once again!
– we are @sshapho on Twitter: https://twitter.com/sshapho
– here is our YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCVTClZok7feSp5MkfefeEWQ
– and our Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/supersciencehappyhour
Solar powered salamander: http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn23090-zoologger-the-first-solarpowered-vertebrate.html
– evolution of chloroplasts (and mitochondria) — looks like we were basically on the right track: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloroplast#Chloroplast_lineages_and_evolution
– Top Secret (kids’ science fiction book): http://amzn.to/1hxRL41 (paperback)
– The Secret Life of Dilly McBean: http://amzn.to/1a6bQKV (paperback)
– Top Secret! (Val Kilmer spoof movie): http://amzn.to/1a6c0BO (DVD), http://amzn.to/1fVR8pA (Amazon instant video)
– – double feature DVD with Airplane!: http://amzn.to/1fVRa0G
– – Weird Al concurs that Top Secret! is awesome: http://thedissolve.com/features/compulsory-viewing/173-weird-al-yankovics-vote-for-funniest-movie-ever-to/
– FYI, chlorophyll and hemoglobin are very similar molecules, but have more differences than just Fe vs Mg at the center:
– – some discussion on Snopes: http://message.snopes.com/showthread.php?t=79809
– – and on the Straight Dope: http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=14584
– – comparison of molecular structures: https://science2be.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/wheatgrass_hemoglobin_chlorophyll_molecule.gif
– one of the commercials that the “Jim never has a second cup of coffee” joke in Airplane! was based on: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKGsjtRoMck
– movies may actually be getting longer by decade: http://xo.typepad.com/blog/2008/06/imdb-film-length-project.html
– – although it’s tricky to select the films to base this on, as this article points out: http://www.slashfilm.com/by-the-numbers-the-length-of-feature-films/
– – another discussion, though probably a poor sampling method: http://www.businessinsider.com/movies-are-getting-longer-2013-1
– – another discussion (on a forum) of these issues: http://www.movieforums.com/community/archive/index.php/t-16296.html
– a bit more about patch clamping, for the curious: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patch_clamp
Tractor beam story: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-21187598
– actual scientific publication in Nature Photonics: http://www.nature.com/nphoton/journal/v7/n2/full/nphoton.2012.332.html
– Tractor beams in fiction and reality: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tractor_beam
– “tractor” etymology: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tractor
– optical tweezers: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Optical_tweezers
– a little bit of comet tail history: http://www.ianridpath.com/halley/halley2.htm
– – awesome Kepler quote about space ships: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_sail#History_of_concept
NASA warp drive: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/23/science/faster-than-the-speed-of-light.html
Size of a neuron cell body: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuron#Anatomy_and_histology
– (MJ was really thinking of the diameter of a neuron axon, typically about 1 micron: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axon#Anatomy)
All about Tycho Brahe: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tycho_Brahe
– ambiguity of the word “namesake”: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namesake
– the moose is indeed called the Eurasian elk in Europe (first sentence of Wikipedia article): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moose
– yet another reference to MJ’s favorite book, The God Particle (link to Kindle edition on Amazon; looks like the print version is not readily available): http://amzn.to/15DAR3h
Teddy bear origin story: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teddy_bear#History
Historical pets: http://listverse.com/2011/03/18/10-historical-characters-and-their-unusual-pets/
Sadly, there has been enough thought about mating humans and chimps that it has a Wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanzee
– more on this: http://www.wired.com/magazine/2011/07/ff_swr/7/
– and a discussion also made it to the NY Times: http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2006/06/15/mad-science-crossing-human-with-chimp/
This is the study MJ was thinking of about couples looking alike (it’s not quite that, but same idea):
– essentially, people prefer pictures of their mates’ faces that are partially morphed with their own: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0068395
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_histocompatibility_complex
– and sexual selection: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_histocompatibility_complex_and_sexual_selection
– a discussion of assortative mating (mating between organisms with similar phenotypes): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assortative_mating
– outbreeding depression (negative consequences of excessive genetic dissimilarity in mating): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outbreeding_depression
– – (although it seems the consensus is that inbreeding consequences are generally still worse, of course)
– – a more technical discussion: http://www.nwfsc.noaa.gov/publications/scipubs/techmemos/tm30/lynch.html
– – Maeby / Les Cousins Dangereux: http://arresteddevelopment.wikia.com/wiki/Les_Cousins_Dangereux
– – the T-shirt study is referenced here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_histocompatibility_complex#MHC_in_sexual_mate_selection
Sex differences in olfaction (link to academic article abstract): http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/713932757#.UlNprCR5694
The infantile amnesia news article: http://www.nbcnews.com/health/brain-overload-explains-missing-childhood-memories-6C10070729
– adult neurogenesis in hippocampus: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurogenesis#Occurrence_in_adults
– – discussion with regard to depression: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurogenesis#Effects_of_stress
– – a recent demonstration using Carbon-14: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/35902/title/Human-Adult-Neurogenesis-Revealed/
– – – (actual scientific article for that study: http://www.cell.com/retrieve/pii/S0092867413005333)
– – – n.b., couldn’t actually find any demonstrations using Strontium-90 as MJ suggested; it is a big part of fallout but mostly ends up in bones: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strontium-90#Biological_activity
– a human hippocampus (“seahorse”) next to an actual seahorse: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hippocampus_and_seahorse.JPG
White-fronted parrot mating: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2012/09/the-male-white-fronted-parrot-vomits-in-the-females-mouth-during-their-mating-ritual/
– and giraffes: http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2012/07/before-mating-the-female-giraffe-will-first-urinate-in-the-males-mouth/
What we thought was a hummingbird tongue (warning: terrifying-looking): http://i.imgur.com/mECEH.jpg
– although some sources suggest we’re wrong and this is actually the tongue of a hummingbird hawkmoth: http://greenbuzzz.net/photos/amazing-microscope-shots-pictures/
– – Reddit link for the above: http://www.reddit.com/r/WTF/comments/xkqcj/the_end_of_the_tongue_proboscis_of_a_hummingbird/
– the good news is the image also led us to this great Tumblr (warning: NSFW language): http://badassanimals.tumblr.com/post/3411919273/hummingbird-upon-first-seeing-this-post-some-of
– – in addition to being funny, the above Tumblr link includes some discussion of the hummingbird metabolism (educational!)
– all about torpor (try to stay awake): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torpor
The YouTube channel for the Red-Hot Nickel Ball guy: https://www.youtube.com/user/carsandwater/videos
– RHNB in Elmer’s glue: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmPMV4yLFWo
– in Jello (the one with the cool sound): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OkiJFRS9Zsw
Jelly, jam, preserves, marmalade, etc: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruit_preserves#Variations
– more discussion: http://www.primermagazine.com/2010/field-manual/know-it-all-what’s-the-difference-between-jelly-jam-marmalade-preserves-and-fruit-spread
– and yet more: http://www.thekitchn.com/whats-the-difference-between-j-87558
– British vs American gravy: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravy
Naming hybrid animals: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hybrid_(biology)#Interspecific_hybrids
– minor erratum, MJ used the word “chimera” off-the-cuff but that actually has a different, specific meaning in biology: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chimera_(genetics)

Episode 007 show notes placeholder

Hey friends — Episode 7 is all ready to go and will appear in your iTunes and other feeds in the morning (Monday, October 7). Show notes will be done relatively soon after the episode goes live — should be posted within 24 hours. So if you’ve listened and come here for links, please check back soon!

(When we add the Episode 7 show notes, we’ll also update the Episode 6 ones… there are a few things to add/correct in there as well, for posterity.)

Episode 006: Circling Uranus

Topics discussed: Ancient nuclear reactors, giant moons, Richard Feynman scooping the entire field of cognitive psychology while doing his laundry, burning oneself and touching snakes in the name of science, kikis, boubas, and more! Listen to (and/or see/smell/taste/feel) us talk about synesthesia! And somehow we manage to get through the entire episode without making a “Uranus” joke… until the title.

Subscribe on iTunes, see the About page for a link to the RSS feed, or stream/download this episode directly from this link. And if you enjoy our show, please remember to rate/review/share/etc.! We are also starting to put episodes on YouTube if you’d rather listen there (or at least check out the cover art, including pictures — often embarrassing — of MJ and MK)

Note #1: These show notes were prepared somewhat hastily as MJ was waiting on a plane to take him back to the United States — so errors/omissions are likely. Feel free to contact us if you spot any!

Note #2: You are still welcome to donate to the microphone/bandwidth fund (see button at the right of this page), of course… or if you are interested in any of the books we mentioned on the show, maybe use our Amazon affiliate links (in the show notes) to buy them? Thanks!

Note #3: You might notice the notes look unfinished. Will finish pretty-linking and upload a couple of the promised pictures later — my flight is boarding!

Note #4: OK, it is *WAY* after these notes were posted, but I had to get the last few links/pics out of my mental and literal inbox so I could move on with my life. It’s the two pictures denoted [pic] (both kind of towards the end of the post), and the final link.


XKCD popular science size comparisons: http://xkcd.com/1257/
Liz Cheney’s fishing license woes: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/22/liz-cheney-wyoming_n_3797880.html
Wyoming population: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wyoming
– the story of Wyoming’s statehood: http://www.wyohistory.org/essays/wyoming-becomes-state-constitutional-convention-and-statehood-debates-1889-and-1890-—-and-the
– statehood requirements: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_requirements_for_statehood
– turns out what MJ was thinking of wasn’t statehood, it was representation. The current population of Wyoming is less than the average size of a congressional district in other states, but they still get one representative in Congress: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_congressional_apportionment#Controversy_and_history
Naturally occurring fission reactors on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_nuclear_fission_reactor
– and on Scientific American: http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2011/07/13/natures-nuclear-reactors-the-2-billion-year-old-natural-fission-reactors-in-gabon-western-africa/
– couldn’t find much on miner butt-smuggling, but here’s a discussion of it: http://boards.straightdope.com/sdmb/showthread.php?t=625882
Fine-structure constant: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fine-structure_constant
– The God Particle (link to Kindle edition on Amazon; looks like the print version is not readily available): http://amzn.to/15DAR3h
Natural fusion reactor creates the moon? http://phys.org/news183884450.html
– “That’s no moon” (TIME-WASTING WARNING: LINK TO TV TROPES!): http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/ThatsNoMoon
– (Actually, I think MJ screwed up the “That’s no moon” quote a bit: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EVekNsgUqn4)
– Blowing up the moon: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Csj7vMKy4EI
– Paul and Storm: http://www.paulandstorm.com/
– – their podcast (iTunes link; can also find their podcast on their main website): https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/paul-storm-talk-about-some/id287795097
– Isaac Asimov’s Foundation series (we strongly recommend you read them in order of publication, not prequels-first… the “correct” order is listed below):
– – Foundation: http://amzn.to/182GALb (paperback), http://amzn.to/13OB5lG (Kindle)
– – Foundation and Empire: http://amzn.to/17RbY3d (paperback), http://amzn.to/15XSkh8 (Kindle)
– – Second Foundation: http://amzn.to/1ejLMn8 (paperback), http://amzn.to/17Rc8Yg (Kindle)
– – Foundation’s Edge: http://amzn.to/182HBmi (paperback), http://amzn.to/13OBHYK (Kindle)
– – Foundation and Earth: http://amzn.to/13OBLYm (paperback), http://amzn.to/1ejLY5Z (Kindle)
– – Prelude to Foundation: http://amzn.to/13OBTHi (paperback), http://amzn.to/1d6SYz2 (Kindle)
– – Forward the Foundation: http://amzn.to/1ejMcdf (paperback), http://amzn.to/1d6T2yJ (Kindle)
– Earth’s moon (Luna; size info on right sidebar): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon
– compare to Mercury: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercury_(planet)
– moons of Saturn: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moons_of_Saturn
Leaflet propaganda (apparently there’s no special name): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airborne_leaflet_propaganda
Eddie Izzard flag routine: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEx5G-GOS1k
PDF of the Richard Feynman chapter we discussed: http://calteches.library.caltech.edu/607/2/Feynman.pdf
– which is from “What Do You Care What Other People Think?”: http://amzn.to/18dyfdC (paperback), http://amzn.to/1aDCjWo (Kindle)
– (which is the sequel to “Surely You’re Joking, Mr. Feynman!” that we’ve linked before: http://amzn.to/186ZT8y)
– the Hypercritical podcast: http://5by5.tv/hypercritical
– a well-known model of working memory, separating visual/spatial from verbal memory stores: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baddeley%27s_model_of_working_memory
– – more of the same on Scholarpedia: http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Working_memory
Liz Phelps paper on fear expectation (link to academic paper PDF): http://www.psych.nyu.edu/phelpslab/abstracts/NatureNeuro2001.pdf
– New York Times article on out-of-control institutional review boards: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/28/arts/28board.html
– Snakes on a Conveyor Belt: http://www.cell.com/neuron/retrieve/pii/S0896627310004678 (click “Download this Video”)
– – PDF of the snake/conveyor belt paper: https://www.weizmann.ac.il/neurobiology/labs/dudai/pages/PDFs/Nili_et_al.pdf
Review paper on the working memory limit of ~4 items (academic paper PDF): http://web.missouri.edu/~cowann/docs/articles/2010/Cowan%202010%20Current%20Directions,%20Magical%20Mystery%20Four.pdf
John Tukey, all-around cool dude: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Tukey
Sternberg’s “High-speed scanning in human memory”: http://www.psych.upenn.edu/~saul/hss.pdf
Blog post on the bungee-jumping study to assess the feeling of time slowing down during stressful events: http://psychologyrich.blogspot.com/2011/04/does-bungee-jump-slow-down-subjective.html
– BBC documentary segment about the study (about 4-5 minutes in): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjAzmGpD19s
– (still looking for the face-punching video… here’s another video but the face punching is not super obvious: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8De2NY-GOE8)
Synesthesia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synesthesia
– more on color-grapheme synesthesia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grapheme-color_synesthesia
– a related and somewhat overlapping concept, ideasthesia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideasthesia
– one particularly cool, rare form of synesthesia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lexical-gustatory_synesthesia
– Fisher-Price alphabet synesthesia on the Neurocritic blog: http://neurocritic.blogspot.com/2013/01/fisher-price-synesthesia.html
– the actual paper (link to academic paper PDF): http://www-psych.stanford.edu/~winawer/Pubs/papers/Witthoft_Winawer_2013.pdf
– one study finding a low-level pop-out-like effect in color-grapheme synesthesia (link to academic paper PDF):http://chip.ucsd.edu/pdf/Synaesth_P_Roy_Soc.pdf
– however, this study found interference in visual attention from color-grapheme synesthesia, but no visual pop-out (link to academic paper PDF): http://bid.berkeley.edu/files/papers/2006-Synesthesia-Cortex.pdf
– this paper follows up on the previous ones and discusses the issue in finer detail (nice, clear introduction too) (link to academic paper PDF): http://www.sussex.ac.uk/Users/anils/Papers/WardEtalRSPB2009.pdf
– can’t find a great reference on color-time synesthesia and memory, but here’s a bit on the general phenomenon: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/synaesthesia/faq#mostcommon
– – and here (the article’s not much, but several interesting personal anecdotes in the comments): http://www.apartmenttherapy.com/synesthesia-and-color-98544
– – another article briefly mentioning time-color synesthesia (with more anecdotes in comments): http://www.livescience.com/169-rare-real-people-feel-taste-hear-color.html
– one memoir of a synesthete (we have not read it yet… but it has 4 stars on Amazon): http://amzn.to/18Xwv3c (paperback), http://amzn.to/18TDPhr (Kindle)
The Tetris effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetris_effect
– an article on it in Scientific American: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=tetris-dreams
Mental rotation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_rotation
Paper on cross-sensory correspondences that exist in non-synesthetes (link to academic paper abstract; can’t find a public link to the PDF): http://www.perceptionweb.com/abstract.cgi?id=p7149
– related: A review paper on strong and weak synesthesia, where “strong” refers more to what synesthetes perceive and “weak” is more like the cross-sensory correspondences above: http://www.neuro.uoregon.edu/wehr/coursepapers/synesthesiastrongandweak.pdf
The “bouba/kiki” effect, first described by Wolfgang Köhler in 1929: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouba/kiki_effect
– a more recent study on the effect in adults and children: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2006.00495.x/abstract;jsessionid=6F188089820910D6632E3A5B9017A406.d02t03#b2
Apparently there are about 10^80 atoms in the universe — so you’re going to have to tell a few more friends about the podcast: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Observable_universe#Matter_content_-_number_of_atoms
– a short article on estimating that number: http://www.universetoday.com/36302/atoms-in-the-universe/
Naughty-looking knitted brain: [pic] UPDATE: FINALLY HERE
MEG: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetoencephalography
– apparently different from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meg_Griffin
The ROI is dead, long live the ROI: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_king_is_dead,_long_live_the_king!
Journal of psychohistory: [pic] UPDATE: FINALLY HERE
Adolphe Quetelet: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolphe_Quetelet
– More on his invention of the Body Mass Index: http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/content/23/1/47.full

UPDATE: ONE LAST LINK. At this point, I don’t even remember in what context we talked about this (or if we did, but it’s in our show notes)… but here is the video of a whole lot of people playing “Ode to Joy” on theremins: http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2013/08/17/beethoven_s_ode_to_joy_9th_symphony_played_on_theremins.html

Episode 006 show notes placeholder

Hey friends — Episode 6 is out. Show notes are almost done — check this site soon for those. In the meantime, the episode should already be available on iTunes or through our RSS feed — see the About page for those.

Will hopefully have the notes done (and a link to download the episode directly from this site) soon, but these are busy times. Will try to have it within the next day or so, though.

Episode 005: Feeling Your Pain in My Netherlands

Topics discussed: Rhymes (nursery, Snoop Dogg’s), lads’ mags, a lather rong discussion of Japanese consonant confusion, crazy old scientists, mind-altering backpacks, mirror neurons, feeling empathy, feeling air, testing tastes and tasting testes. Plus, rainbows and lots and lots of psychopaths! With special guest star LAURIE SKELLY!!!

Subscribe on iTunes, see the About page for a link to the RSS feed, or stream/download this episode directly from this link. And if you enjoy our show, please remember to rate/review/share/etc.!

Note #1: As promised last time, we have our first Very Special Guest Star, our old pal Laurie Skelly! We think you will find her delightful.

Note #2: Matt J’s new microphone seems to be working OK for now, but that victory might be short-lived… we’ll see how it goes next time. But in a month or two, we should be able to get our hands on some slightly better equipment anyway. At any rate, donations to the “buy Matt and Matt some better microphones” fund are still welcome (via the Donate button in the sidebar), although it might mutate into the “bandwidth fund” whenever we get our audio issues under control.

Note #3: We’ve just started an Amazon affiliate account, so if you happen to buy any of the books mentioned in the show notes, use the links on this site, please, and help the show! So far we’ve only done it for this episode, but will be going back and fixing links for old episodes soon. Every little bit helps…


The full story behind Van Halen’s “No brown M&Ms” contract rider: http://www.snopes.com/music/artists/vanhalen.asp
“Cool story, Hansel!”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5MGV7ioTM7o
Yup, “Bonne vivante” is the correct feminine form: https://www.google.com/search?q=%22bonne+vivante%22
“Nerd sniping”: http://xkcd.com/356/
“Sing a Song of Sixpence”: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sing_a_Song_of_Sixpence
– Roud Folk Song Index: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roud_Folk_Song_Index
– “Gin & Juice” — the lyric MJ was thinking of was “pocket full of rubbers” but was mixing it with the overall gin theme: http://www.lyricsfreak.com/s/snoop+dogg/gin+juice_20127119.html (Warning: NSFW language and link to obnoxiously ad-filled lyrics site)
– Bonus: a great country cover of “Gin & Juice” by The Gourds (NSFW language!): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H4hGSR5njZE
“Dead dove, do not eat”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUKmq7UMJys
Stuff magazine: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuff_(magazine)
“You’re in Control,” (Urine Control), the original urinal video game system: http://web.media.mit.edu/~hayes/mas863/urinecontrol.html
Punny reasons behind Chinese number superstitions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Numbers_in_Chinese_culture
A little bit of background on the Godzilla/Gojira transliteration, although details seem to be murky: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Godzilla#Name
“False friend” English words in Japanese: http://www.sljfaq.org/afaq/false-friends.html
– bonus: pseudo-English words/phrases coined in Japanese: http://www.sljfaq.org/afaq/wasei-eigo.html
– the latter are referred to as “Wasai-eigo”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wasei-eigo
– another list of such terms: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_gairaigo_and_wasei-eigo_terms
Some more info on Japanese speakers and the R/L distinction: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_speakers_learning_r_and_l
– a lesson on the Japanese R/L sound pronunciation for English speakers: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V2wzUuGm7yw
For general phonetics stuff related to this, here are some Wikipedia articles to get you started:
– Phonetics: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phonetics
– Particularly, articulatory phonetics (how language sounds are produced/classified): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Articulatory_phonetics
– Consonants in specific: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consonant
– The International Phonetic Alphabet can be used to look up all consonant/vowel sounds: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Phonetic_Alphabet
A bit on the phenomenon of “reduplication,” i.e. phrases with repeated sounds in their words: http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/reduplication.html
– some more discussion on the topic: http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?AnIdleQuestion
– note that the main reference for the “tic-tac-toe” rule is Steven Pinker’s “The Language Instinct”… link to book description below
– Steve Pinker’s “The Language Instinct” (link to Amazon): http://amzn.to/193K2MI
– more of Steve Pinker’s books (link to Amazon): http://amzn.to/13zM5Up
– V.S. Ramachandran’s “Phantoms in the Brain” (link to Amazon): http://amzn.to/1b6pY9B
– more of V.S. Ramachandran’s books (link to Amazon): http://amzn.to/193LKxm
SMBC on aging scientists (this one is a physicist, but it works for other fields too…): http://www.smbc-comics.com/?id=2556
A bit more on some aging scientists’ kooky theories and controversies:
– Jim Watson: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_watson#Controversies
– Francis Crick (notably the stuff on consciousness, but there’s other interesting stuff throughout the Wikipedia article): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Crick#Neuroscience_and_other_interests
– Linus Pauling: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linus_pauling#Molecular_medicine.2C_medical_research.2C_and_vitamin_C_advocacy
Nate Silver’s book “The Signal and the Noise” that Skelly mentioned (link to Amazon): http://amzn.to/1cCMgkU
The Dunning-Kruger effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunning–Kruger_effect
– Illusory superiority in general: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusory_superiority
– … specifically, some driving studies: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illusory_superiority#Driving_ability
– a discussion of illusory superiority on LiveScience: http://www.livescience.com/26914-why-we-are-all-above-average.html
– the “availability heuristic” MJ mentioned: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Availability_heuristic
Grandpa Simpson’s “wearing an onion on my belt” soliloquy again (already linked in Episode 001): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TRUj8dma0oo
Well, looks like the “armchair” priming experiment has already been done (link to academic abstract): http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14640749008401236#.Uf-OpVMmxXc
A bunch of references on embodied cognition and effects like the backpack illusion we discussed:
– Embodied cognition on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embodied_cognition
– … and on the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/embodied-cognition/
– our buddy Chaz Firestone’s argument against claims relating to the backpack illusion (link to academic abstract): http://pps.sagepub.com/content/8/4/455.short
– … and a counter-argument (link to academic abstract): http://pps.sagepub.com/content/8/4/474.short
– a discussion on Scientific American: http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2011/11/04/a-brief-guide-to-embodied-cognition-why-you-are-not-your-brain/
– … on Psychology Today: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/beyond-words/201202/embodied-cognition-what-it-is-why-its-important
– academic article — “Embodied cognition is not what you think it is”: http://www.frontiersin.org/Cognitive_Science/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00058/full
– another academic article (link to PDF) — “Six views of embodied cognition”: http://mfs.uchicago.edu/public/institutes/2013/cognition/prereadings/EmbodiedCog.pdf
– in short: It’s complicated.
Similarly, lots of links on mirror neurons:
– on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirror_neuron
– on Scholarpedia: http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Mirror_neurons
– academic article (link to PDF), including a discussion of language — “The mirror neuron system”: http://psych.colorado.edu/~kimlab/Rizzolatti.annurev.neuro.2004.pdf
– article on APA.org: http://www.apa.org/monitor/oct05/mirror.aspx
– Scientific American’s “What’s So Special About Mirror Neurons?”: http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/2012/11/06/whats-so-special-about-mirror-neurons/
– an interview with our old pal V.S. Ramachandran on mirror neurons: http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/do_mirror_neurons_give_empathy
– Psychology Today’s “Mirror Neurons: The Most Hyped Concept in Neuroscience?”: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/brain-myths/201212/mirror-neurons-the-most-hyped-concept-in-neuroscience
– also, MJ can’t believe he forgot to reference this Friends episode during the mirror neuron discussion: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OZoP2iWpnU
The anchoring heuristic: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchoring
– since we mentioned both the availability and anchoring heuristics, may as well link to some general information on the Nobel Prize-winning work by Kahneman & Tversky:
– Daniel Kahneman: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Kahneman
– Amos Tversky: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amos_Tversky
– K&T’s original “heuristics and biases” article (link to academic PDF): http://www.hss.caltech.edu/~camerer/Ec101/JudgementUncertainty.pdf
– seminal article on K&T’s “prospect theory” (link to academic PDF): http://www.princeton.edu/~kahneman/docs/Publications/prospect_theory.pdf
The hot- versus cold-coffee experiment (link to academic abstract): http://www.sciencemag.org/content/322/5901/606
– a discussion in the NY Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/31/health/psychology/31subl.html
– (n.b.: these experiments are hotly debated, as it were, and the whole issue is probably an episode unto itself…)
The “black swan theory” briefly referenced by Skelly: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_swan_theory
The psychopath article we spent a long time discussing:
– BBC news article: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-23431793
– actual academic article in Brain: http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/136/8/2550
– discussion thread on Reddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/science/comments/1j0ml8/psychopaths_do_not_lack_empathy_rather_they_can/
“Everyone knows Custer died at Little Big Horn”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeKjKWXWZOE
The Voight-Kampff empathy test from Blade Runner: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Umc9ezAyJv0
– more on the machine from the Blade Runner site on Wikia: http://bladerunner.wikia.com/wiki/Voight-Kampff_machine
The chapter mentioned by Skelly on the many (actually eight) meanings of the word “empathy”:
– can’t find a good copy of the actual article online, but here’s the citation: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2009-02253-001
– and if you REALLY want to read it, you can buy the book it’s in (link to Amazon): http://amzn.to/190J6VU
Example of face stimuli from Paul Ekman’s “six basic emotions” facial expression set: http://www.yuribroze.com/papers/hayes_2012/images/basic_faces.jpg
The McGurk effect: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/McGurk_effect
– on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFPtc8BVdJk (listen with eyes open and closed)
– and autism (link to academic abstract — this finding is also briefly mentioned in the Wikpedia article): http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-007-0521-y
In case you weren’t familiar with the “stack” data type we referenced for our topic list: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stack_(abstract_data_type)
At long last: The world’s shortest, most awesome abstract (link to academic PDF): http://iopscience.iop.org/1751-8121/44/49/492001/pdf/1751-8121_44_49_492001.pdf
Acetazolamide (Diamox) is indeed the medication that makes carbonated drinks taste funny: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetazolamide
– but more info is welcome if anyone knows the radio show that Skelly was referring to…
Tasticles: http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2013-07/testicles-have-taste-receptors-should-be-called-tasticles
– serotonin in the gut (second paragraph of article): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serotonin
– The Human Centipede: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Human_Centipede_(First_Sequence)
– in case it wasn’t clear, PNAS = Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: http://www.pnas.org/
“It’s a floor wax AND a dessert topping!”: http://www.hulu.com/watch/61320 (sorry, can’t find it anywhere else)
Disney’s “Aireal” system for haptic feedback: http://www.wired.com/design/2013/07/disneys-tiny-amazing-air-cannons-will-let-you-feel-the-digital-world/
– the novel “Ready Player One” (referenced & recommended by MJ; link to Amazon): http://amzn.to/13A2yIi
– and the Community episode, although it isn’t that relevant: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_Estate_Planning
Reddit discussion on rainbows having infrared/ultraviolet bands: http://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/1iatme/do_rainbows_have_ultraviolet_and_infrared_bands/
– n.b., the story is a bit more complicated than we discussed, e.g.: http://home.znet.com/schester/calculations/herschel/index.html
– and yes, the same guy discovered Uranus: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Herschel
FYI, “Audacity” (mentioned in the outtakes) is the program we record in: http://audacity.sourceforge.net/
Some discussion of menstrual synchrony: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menstrual_synchrony
And in case anyone didn’t get the “Kegel” joke: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kegel_exercise