Episode 002: This One is Long and Hard

Topics discussed: Lots about colo(u)r perception; types of primates; Eskimo words for snow; the (in)efficiency of different languages; and seduction techniques of bonobos, cannibalistic fish, pandas, raging bulls, moose, and humans.

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SHOW NOTES

Brain area V4: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_cortex#V4
Brain area IT: http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Inferior_temporal_cortex
Express saccades (sorry, can’t find a better link): http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00231145
The N170 potential: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N170
Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA, also known as “multi-voxel pattern analysis”) (link to academic paper): http://www.cs.princeton.edu/courses/archive/spr07/cos424/papers/NormanEtAlTICS.pdf
Crab-eating macaques: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crab-eating_macaque
The monkey in the Lion King is apparently somewhere between a mandrill and a baboon — but some kind of Old World monkey, at any rate: http://lionking.wikia.com/wiki/Rafiki
All about primates: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primates
Orangutan who adopted a dog: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2006531/Unlikely-friendship-orangutan-dog.html
– more pictures: http://imgur.com/a/8Cn8y
– video: http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/wild/unlikely-animal-friends/videos/the-orangutan-and-the-hound/
Mangarahara cichlid — the “stupid, nearly extinct fish that deserves it”: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-22468206
Hunting endangered species to save them: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-12-09/hunters-paying-150-000-to-kill-an-endangered-rhino-may-save-the-species.html
The Freshman: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Freshman_(1990_film)
Panda porn (of COURSE this gets its own Wikipedia article): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panda_pornography
MJ’s “Foraging for Thought” paper: http://memlab0.eng.yale.edu/PDFs/2013_JohnsonMR-etal_PsychSci.pdf
Inhibition of return: http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Inhibition_of_return
Tip of the tongue phenomenon:
– OK, maybe there’s not a Greek word for it (and I guess Straight Dope isn’t obsolete yet!): http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1234/whats-the-word-for-when-you-cant-think-of-the-word
– on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tip_of_the_tongue
– on Reddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/tipofmytongue
– “Sparking at the end of the tongue” (link to academic paper with chart): http://www2.fiu.edu/~schwartb/sparkling.pdf
MJ’s as-yet-unpublished chapter discussing some of the topics from this episode: http://matthewrobertjohnson.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/mrj_contemporary_psychology_chapter.pdf
Ventral stream metamers (link to academic paper): http://www.jeremyfreeman.net/pdf/_papers/2011_metamers_ventral.pdf
Moose noises (actually, I guess ours sounds closest to the one labeled “bull calling” on this page): http://www.rnltruckrepairs.com/ihuntbc/moosewavs.html
“Ghoti” = “fish” (apparently, maybe not George Bernard Shaw after all): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghoti
Claude Shannon: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claude_Shannon
– the ominous picture in question: http://www.gstatic.com/hostedimg/a23c741096cdf969_large
Universal Grammar: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_grammar
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linguistic_relativity
Classic Straight Dope article on Eskimo words for snow: http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/263/what-are-the-nine-eskimo-words-for-snow
Polysynthetic and agglutinative languages (not quite the same thing, as it turns out… we were kind of using “agglutinative” wrong):
– polysynthetic: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polysynthetic_language
– agglutinative: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agglutinative_language
Human tetrachromats: http://discovermagazine.com/2012/jul-aug/06-humans-with-super-human-vision
Oatmeal comic on the mantis shrimp: http://theoatmeal.com/comics/mantis_shrimp
Norbert Wiener #1: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309047463/xhtml/images/img00015.jpg
– #2: http://image2.findagrave.com/photos250/photos/2003/124/7304697_1052135619.jpg
The “Tadin effect” we said we’d talk about next time (let’s see if we remember): http://rochester.edu/news/show.php?id=6422
Color wheel: https://sshhmm.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/colorwheel.png
Real Men of Genius (originally Real American Hero) Bud Light ads: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_Men_of_Genius
LCD screens, zoomed in
– image (from an iPhone 4): http://prometheus.med.utah.edu/~bwjones/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/iPhone-4-Display_.jpg
– video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1sc-IdtLySA
– compared to Bayer filter in cameras: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayer_filter
Original 1999 Roorda & Williams paper showing arrangement of cones in human retinas (link to academic article with images): http://www.neurosci.info/courses/vision2/Color/williams.pdf

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